There’s nothing to expand a 16/44.1 MQA, i.e. There’s no extra 8 bit to reconstruct the high frequency components . However a 24/44.1 MQA can be lossy expanded to 88.2k with a reduced resolution of 17 bit. This is barely good enough for some Hi-Res reproduction.
16/44.1 MQA is meant for MQA CD and Tidal Masters streams mainly 24/44.1/48. The later is more superior in term of decoding some high frequency components.
I guess the only thing you can really compare it to it a single rate 24 bit FLAC - ie the equivalent size container (lossless 24 bit @ 44.1 or 48k) vs an MQA encode of 96k/24bit to the same container and subsequent full decode (or full decode and render).
It may be more interesting to see a technical measurement of such a comparison, but what should be measured?
In the end, Tidal have some music that Quboz doesn’t have and visa versa, so I live with both fully rendered MQA from tidal and h-res from Qobuz and I don’t obviously notice consistent differences that favour one or the other. Production quality seems to trump the CD vs Hi-res vs MQA debates.
While that is fine for streaming, when buying, then naturally I want to highest resolution I can get just because our knowledge tends to improve over time. Next year maybe another great idea comes along that is worth paying some attension to.
This is same reason I made do with 320K mp3 on the go in the past, but only bought digital as CD quality if I could, so later I could use those formats directly as and when mobile technology allowed for it. These days I can stream CD quality all over the place and if I really need to, my phone has enough storage for a load of CDs as FLACs. So mp3 is finally dying a death.
TBH - I think MQA would better serve the world if it were a format that users could encode themselves as with mp3 which of cournce means it would have to scale back on its ambitions a bit and maybe be a bit more focussed in the use cases it targets. But, then it would be harder to monetize the technology at a time when network bandwidth while mobile may soon be taking another leap forward making any kind of compression irrelevent for many places.
That seems like a very fine idea indeed! Let users encode MQA themselves, like Opus or MP3, or FLAC. It takes all the problems out of it. Then it becomes a format just like any other format, with pros and cons, that you are free to encode or transcode as you see fit.
First MQA always exist in 24/44.1/48k in any lossless containers. The decoded part is always 88.2/96k with a reduced resolution of 17 bit. Of course the output ‘data’ can be 24 bit but don’t confuse it is ‘24 bit resolution’.
All MQA DACs will always display the authenticated sample rates, Not the actual sample rates that goes to the DAC chip. So many are tricked into thinking that the actual samples are indeed higher than 88.2/96k (i.e, 192k or even 384k), which is of course not true. There’s no further details extraction after MQA get decoded. It is basically doing ‘rendering’ or so call conditioning with final MQA filters. Of course, the selection of MQA filters, 32 of them, required the decoder output to preserve the ‘render info’ before applying any DSP, and put back so the renderer will know which correct MQA filters (32 of them) need to turn on. That’s it so simple😁!
The MQA has little to do with higher and higher sample rates. It’s about an analog sound free from pre ringing and timing errors.
High resolution in the analog domain, ie what you can hear and discern with your ears and mind.
DSD does not use any form of sharp cut off digital filter like PCM do. That’s why the transient response and peak amplitude is virtually identical to analog ‘click’. The response time is also fast, we talking 3 micro seconds!
MQA is trying to improve the transient response by using weak and leaky filters. Unlike DSD which uses high sample and noise shaping, there is no imagining in the audio range, i.e, you don’t get distortion. If you do this in PCM, this is going to be problem, weak and leaky filters will cause imaging and distortion gets refected into the audio range. Many perceived this as ‘analog sounding’ but in fact this is actually distortion caused by imaging from bad implementation of filters.
I assume that you have been listening to the MQA version of the track without the full MQA unfold - were you using the first Roon unfold?
I have just listened to this track on my second system (Sonore microRendu/Mytek Brooklyn+) and certainly cannot replicate your findings. I found MQA and standard 16bit/44.1 ‘versions’ of the album on Tidal, and found that the two versions in this instance sound very similar indeed.
Unlike your description of the two versions, I actually found the MQA version to sound very subtly better. However, the difference was so small that I almost certainly would not have noticed a difference at all had I not been concentrating on listening for one. Not an outstanding result or glowing praise for MQA (in the case of this album) I grant you, but I certainly do not recognize your description at all in my own listening tests.
What equipment were you using to listen to the album?
As expected the waveforms from the renderer is quite ‘distorted’ If this kind of distortion produces the typical signature of MQA sounding, we will probably not listening to the actual PCM masters. If this is the kind of ‘preference sound’ to put it into the masses, we are in serious trouble
I had the same reaction and deleted all the MQA albums.
Then I decided to try QOBUZ and their “HiRes Audio” masters - and I am glad I did! My Audio system never sounded better to my ears, with a presence rivaling being in a concert hall (I usually listen to classical music, but the jazz albums were equally awesome).
As a result, I cancelled my TIDAL subscription and I am now listening to Qobuz through Roon.
I have absolutely no issue or quarrel with anyone who states that they prefer Qobuz (or other) hi-res albums to equivalent (same Master) MQA encoded albums on Tidal - either from a sound quality perspective or from a technical perspective. This probably (just) correlates with my own listening experiences of MQA Master albums on Tidal.
However, I simply cannot understand posts which state that “all MQA albums are unlistenable” or that “MQA encoded albums sound worse than 16bit/44.1 versions” or even some who postulate that “MQA sounds ‘worse’ than MP3”. Irrespective of what technical ‘evidence’ is published (or regurgitated) on this forum, these views simply do not correlate with my own by now quite extensive listening experience.
Actually MQA albums can sound worse depending what dac or upsampling filter you use. Chord dacs work better with either cd or hires vs MQA unfolded. Linear filters in HQPlayer sound worse with MQA than with original cd quality.
I ended up switching back to Qobuz again. I was using Tidal but avoiding MQA. First thing I noticed with Qobuz was the depth of soundstage when listening to new Tool album. Qobuz has many hires albums that aren’t even available in MQA.