This is not an issue with the settings on the Vivaldi at all. Clocking, upsampling, filter, and buffering settings will not lead to the problem you’re having. If you’re getting dropouts then the issue is likely farther up the chain (in the delivery of data to the Upsampler).
Just for clarification, when you say drop-out do you mean that consistently throughout the entire track it’s “skipping” or do you mean that you’re missing the first second or two of the track. If it’s only the latter then set the resync delay (as outlined below) and reboot the upsampler. Otherwise read on to the other steps.
I’ve run into this issue with a customer using a DS216+ as his core (very small library) and would like to offer up a few things to try. In his case it was an issue of memory contention on the DS216 and upgrading his RAM to 8GB and periodically restarting Roon on the Synology solved the problem. I realize that you have 8GB of ram in your DS916 (as do I in mine) so bear with me on the following:
First off, in Roon you need to set the resync delay for the Vivaldi and, sadly, it needs to be long. I’ve found that 5 - 8 seconds is required for the worst-case scenario. There’s a bug in Roon 1.2 that applies the delay when it shouldn’t (which is annoying), but I’m told this is fixed in 1.3.
Now, try rebooting the upsampler if you haven’t already. Hold down the front panel button until the display reads “SWITCHING OFF” and then release. Wait 10 seconds and restart. This will reboot the network card and that may be part of the problem. It can occasionally get hung up (especially when the resync delay isn’t properly set).
Next, go into the hardware settings in the Synology DSM interface and turn off memory compression. With 8GB of RAM you don’t need it and it can cause some latency when under load. This will reboot the Synology.
Finally check and see if audio analysis is currently running in Roon (Settings -> Setup). If it is currently running then you’ll see a message saying “Currently analyzing XXX of YYY tracks” (or something similar) under Background Audio Analysis Speed. This process is a huge resource load and it’s one that can significantly overpower the rather modest CPU in the 916+. If it’s currently running then use the menu to turn it off. For the purposes of testing also turn of the On-demand analysis as well.
Last up, there’s a known issue with the USB3 support on the Synology boxes and although they know about it they have yet to do anything to fix it. There is a chance that the data transfer rate to your SSD is being choked by this issue. Best way to check is to try and copy a big file (like a 24/192 track) from the internal drive to the SSD and back. Do this within DSM rather than over the network. If you’re getting super-low transfer speeds then this could be your issue. It seems to only impact certain USB3 drives. I have a Seagate that is beyond slow, but the external Samsung SSD that I’m using is consistently quick.